From the spines to the camouflaging, hedgehogs use a variety of methods to remain safe and secure as they venture throughout their habitat. By understanding these methods, humans can ensure that these small creatures remain safe in the wild. Surviving in the Wild: How Hedgehogs Avoid Predators Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals native to parts of Europe, Asia and Africa. While they look vulnerable and cute, these animals have a number of especially well-adapted defensive behaviors that allow them to survive in the wild and elude potential predators. Hedgehogs are incredibly well-armed. Their spines, which can be up to an inch long, act as impenetrable armor, making them difficult to consume.
As soon as a hedgehog feels a potential predator’s contact, it curls up into a tight defensive ball, wrapping its entire body in the spines and becoming impossible to grab. The spines also act as a deterrent; many predators like foxes and badgers tend to avoid attacking hedgehogs, as their many spines can cause painful injuries. The hedgehogs’ spines also allow them to operate safely during the day. When they feel endangered, the animals cover themselves in their spines, making it difficult for enemies to see them How do hedgehogs protect themselves or detect their scent. In addition to their spines, hedgehogs also possess a powerful sense of smell and hearing. This combination of senses afford them the ability to detect a potential predator from a distance.
By sensing its presence sooner, the hedgehog can take early action to increase its chances of escaping. Hedgehogs also flee from their enemies at a surprisingly high speed considering their small size, able to reach speeds of 5 mph. Hedgehogs benefit from the existence of a few select predators in the wild. The presence of these animals keeps their population in check, and this helps prevent an overpopulation. This is an important part of successful predator-prey relationships, as it helps bring balance to the environment and leaves enough food and resources for the hedgehogs’ survival. Hedgehogs’ combination of lack of scent, armor of spines, sharp senses and high speed make them incredibly successful predators in the wild.